Managing Board

PILPG’s Managing Board is composed of President Paul Williams and Managing Directors Michael Scharf and James Hooper.

Paul R. Williams

Paul R. Williams is President and founder of PILPG.  In 2005, Dr. Williams, as Executive Director of PILPG, was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize by several of his pro bono government clients.

During the course of his legal practice, Dr. Williams has assisted over a dozen states and governments in major international peace negotiations, including serving as a delegation member in the Dayton negotiations (Bosnia-Herzegovina), the Rambouillet/Paris negotiations (Kosova), and the Doha peace talks (Darfur).   He also advised parties to the Key West negotiations (Nagorno-Karabakh), the Oslo/Geneva negotiations (Sri Lanka), the Georgia/Abkhaz negotiations, and the Somalia peace talks.  Dr. Williams has advised the governments of Afghanistan, Bosnia, Iraq, Kenya, Kosova, Montenegro, Nagorno-Karabakh, and Nepal on the drafting and implementation of post-conflict constitutions.

Michael P. Scharf

Michael P. Scharf is co-founder and a Managing Director of PILPG.  Mr. Scharf heads PILPG’s War Crimes Prosecution Practice Area and shared in the organization’s 2005 Nobel Peace Prize nomination.  He is also the John Deaver Drinko – Baker & Hostetler Professor of Law and Director of the Frederick K. Cox International Law Center at Case Western Reserve University School of Law.

During the first Bush and Clinton Administrations, Mr. Scharf served in the Office of the Legal Adviser of the U.S. Department of State, where he held the positions of Counsel to the Counter-Terrorism Bureau, Attorney-Adviser for Law Enforcement and Intelligence, Attorney-Adviser for United Nations Affairs, and delegate to the United Nations General Assembly and to the United Nations Human Rights Commission.  Mr. Scharf is the author of over seventy scholarly articles and thirteen books, including Shaping Foreign Policy in Times of Crisis (Cambridge University Press, 2010), which he co-authored with Dr. Paul Williams.

James R. Hooper

James R. Hooper is a Managing Director of PILPG and was named in its 2005 Nobel Peace Prize nomination.  He is the former director of the Washington office of the International Crisis Group (ICG), an independent non-governmental global advocacy organization that focuses on conflict early alert, prevention, and containment.  He also directed ICG’s Balkan programs.  He helped found the Broadcasting Board of Governors’ Radio Sawa initiative for the Middle East after September 11 and served as the radio’s first General Manager.

As a career United States diplomat with the Foreign Service for twenty-five years, Mr. Hooper served at assignments in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, during the 1973 October War; Beirut, Lebanon; Damascus, Syria, during the Lebanon civil war and formative years of the Arab-Israel peace process; Tripoli, Libya, during the Qadhafi-inspired mob attacks against the American Embassy; London, England; Kuwait, where as Deputy Ambassador he negotiated and implemented the naval protection agreement for reflagged Kuwaiti oil tankers; and Warsaw, Poland, where as Deputy Ambassador he led the effort to prepare Poland’s post-communist government and military for NATO membership.